The Law of Mother Earth is expected to usher in a radical new conservation policy against pollution and exploitation.
The Guardian:Bolivia is set to pass the world’s first laws granting all nature equal rights to humans. The Law of Mother Earth, now agreed by politicians and grassroots social groups, redefines the country’s rich mineral deposits as “blessings” and is expected to lead to radical new conservation and social measures to reduce pollution and control industry.
The country, which has been pilloried by the US and Britain in the UN climate talks for demanding steep carbon emission cuts, will establish 11 new rights for nature. They include: the right to life and to exist; the right to continue vital cycles and processes free from human alteration; the right to pure water and clean air; the right to balance; the right not to be polluted; and the right to not have cellular structure modified or genetically altered.
"It makes world history. Earth is the mother of all", "It establishes a new relationship between man and nature, the harmony of which must be preserved as a guarantee of its regeneration" —Vice-President Alvaro García Linera
"It will make industry more transparent. It will allow people to regulate industry at national, regional and local levels." —Campesinos de Bolivia
"Bolivia's traditional indigenous respect for the Pachamama was vital to prevent climate change. Our grandparents taught us that we belong to a big family of plants and animals. We believe that everything in the planet forms part of a big family. We indigenous people can contribute to solving the energy, climate, food and financial crises with our values." —Foreign Minister David Choquehuanca
"She is sacred, fertile and the source of life that feeds and cares for all living beings in her womb. She is in permanent balance, harmony and communication with the cosmos. She is comprised of all ecosystems and living beings, and their self-organisation."
However, the abstract rights have not led to new laws or stopped oil companies from destroying some of the most biologically rich areas of the Amazon.
Universal Declaration of Rights of Mother Earth
Universal Declaration of Rights of Human
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